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Ongoing projects

The CRA - Research Group is involved in projects focusing different aspects of regional competitiveness. 

The creation of CRA

This establishment is a result of the demand for more knowledge of the competitve prerequisites of different regions. Regional competitiveness is at focus where globalization, technological development and the increasing importance of regions influence the competitive ability.
Participants: Erik Elldér, Ulf Ernstson, Åke Forsström, Urban Fransson, Martin Henning, Anders Larsson, Sten Lorentzon, Jerry Olsson, Patrik Ström, Evelina Wahlqvist.

Funded by "Västra Götalandsregionen", the Foundation of Economic Research of West Sweden and School of Business, Economics and Law at Göteborg University. 


Research period: The work has been carried out as a project (the years 2006-2010) but is funded as a contribution to the activity since 2011.


Bridging the knowledge-gap between the old and the new: the case of tourism innovation processes in Västra Götaland region 

In spite of a growing awareness of the importance of tourism in regional economic growth, it has until recently not been identified as an economic sector per se. Consequently, in many regions, tourism has been treated as separated from the traditional manufacturing based economic activity. This division might create a technological, institutional and cognitive gap between traditional and new sectors and hence missed opportunities to re-cycle and combine knowledge and innovation in regional tourism development. The aim of this study is to analyse the possibilities and limitations for innovation based on combination of knowledge between traditional and new sectors of the economy.
Participants: Anders Larsson and Kristina Lindström.

Funded by Foundation of Economic Research of West Sweden.

Research period: 2011 –


Relatedness and regional changes in an historical perspective

One of the most important links between economic activities today is their relatedness with regard to competence (skills). This relatedness may influence many economic phenomena, e.g. individual career, regional diversification and structural changes. But there are many different types of links between economic activities, not least historical, depending on what resources that are observed. The aim of this study is to attain more knowledge of the connection with different types of relatedness and regional economic transformation in an historical perspective. The study is based on recent digitalized data of economic activity in Swedish towns 1900 – 1965 and American data of the US census 1900. Preliminary the results indicate that the path dependence in the economic transformation was evident also after the industrial revolution, especially within traditional industries. After 1930 common human resources have become more important for the advantages of co-location and transformation and traditional regional structures of clusters have partly been replaced by another type of dynamic development. Furthermore, the study also add knowledge to our time.
Participants: Martin Henning.

Funded by the Foundation of Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius.

Research period: 2010 –

 

The mobility of the manpower in the car industry related to regions and industrial sectors

Technological inventions and fast technological changes have characterized the development of the global car industry. In recent years, however, this sector has become more known for organizational and financial turbulence. Many employees have been forced to move. This mobility of qualified individuals between related industries is an important mechanism behind regional processes of diversification and the development of regional economies. By the use of microdata of individuals, who have worked in the Swedish car industry between the years 1990 and 2010, the employees that quit the car industry are analysed concerning industry and where they prefer to work. The studies also include analysis of relevant characteristics of individuals that move to other workplaces.
Participants: Martin Henning, Anders Larsson and Urban Fransson.

Funded by the Foundation of Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius.

Research period: 2010 –

 

Analysis of accessibility to commercial services in sparsely populated areas

More private motorism has enabled high mobility by individuals living in different types of regions such as metropolitan areas and sparsely populated areas. People living in sparsely populated areas can commute long distances without traffic congestion. This means that many individuals combine work-trips with services, e. g .visiting stores and banks. Thereby the accessibility to these services is better for individuals who have access to car and travel regularly than the accessibility for persons living in areas missing functional links to areas outside their neighbourhood. The extent of commuting and potential points of supply of commercial services are analysed as well as accessibility to commercial services for the non-commuting group.
Participants: Ulf Ernstson and Anders Larsson.
Funded by VGR.

Research period 2011 –
  

Commuters from- to- and in the municipality of Kungsbacka

This is an explorative study and carried out by the use of data from the database GILDA (Geographical Longitudanal Database for Analysis).
Participants: Ulf Ernstson and Urban Fransson.
 Funded by the Municipality of Kungsbacka and CRA.

Research period 2011 – 2013.

 

Differences of ages among couples and synchronized retirement

This project pays attention to the importance of different ages for the time of retirement among married men and women in Sweden. Furthermore, the variation of ages is related to socio-economic conditions.
Participants: Urban Fransson and Per Gustafson
Funded by FAS

Research period 2011 – 2014.

 

On Distance and the Spatial Dimension in the Definition of Internal Migration.

This project focuses on the spatial dimension where migration is typically defined as movement across administrative borders. Using data for all internal migrants in Sweden, the only known country where migration distances are available in sufficient detail, studies are performed of actual migration distances and the relationship between actual migration distances and migration-defining boundaries.
Participants: Urban Fransson and Thomas Niedomysl.

Funded by CRA.

Research period: 2011 – 2013.


IT-entrepreneurs in Västra Götaland

The performance of this study is based on the database GILDA (Geographical Longitudanal Database for Analysis). One purpose is to investigate the possibilities to identify entrepreneurs creating new businesses, while another purpose is to investigate the ability of the database GILDA to identify businesses that are closed down. The studies observe the development in Västra Götaland as well as all Sweden during the period 2005 – 2010.

Participants: Urban Fransson.

Funded by CRA.

Research period: 2012 – 2013.


More efficient urban transport systems –
optimal location of combi-terminals in and around the city of Gothenburg

The work is based on the observation that Swedish traffic on roads and in towns tends to become inefficient as the size of the delivered goods decreases while the distance of transportation increases. A consequence is burden on the urban transport system; the capacity of the infrastructure decreases, while congestion and pollution increase. The aim of the study is, with regard to the location of present and future combi-terminals, to investigate the potential of more efficient use of existent urban transport systems. The survey focuses the city of Gothenburg and surroundings.

Participants: Jerry Olsson.

Funded by 

Research period: 2012 – 2014.
 

 

Page Manager: Martin Henning|Last update: 6/26/2013
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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://cra.handels.gu.se/english/research/
Utskriftsdatum: 2017-11-25