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Evolutionary economic geography

Regional economies are in rapid change. Above all, the expansion of the major cities has caused increasing differences in recent decades. Within the regions there is also a clear structural change taking place. But phasing out and emerging industries frequently do not have the same localization pattern, and therefore the structural change is also changing relationships between regions. These trends have real consequences people living in different regions. At the same time, technological and institutional development can affect the prevailing development patterns and change the conditions for regional growth.

There is much to learn from the history, and the geographical effects of previous structural change and technological transitions. Research carried out in recent years has revealed the structural changes that have occurred in regional development over time.

In recent years, economic historians have increasingly interested in economic geography. Also, the time aspect has been emphasized as an important factor in the development of evolutionary economic geography. Thus, in both disciplines, there has been an increasing interest in integrating analyzes of time and space in order to better describe and understand economic growth and transformation processes.

Within this theme, we integrate insights from evolutionary economic geography and economic history to describe and better understand long-term regional development processes.

Together with Karl-Johan Lundquist and Lars-Olof Olander from Lund University, we have analyzed Swedish regional structural change and how growth is diffused between regions.

Together with Kerstin Enflo from Department of Economic History at LUSEM, Lund University, we have calculated regional GDP for Swedish regions during the 20th century. The time series can be accessed here. Background to the calculations and analyzes of the long-term regional growth processes in Sweden is here.

Together with Kerstin Enflo, we run the project Swedish regional economic development and transformation: past, present and future, funded by the Länsförsäkringar Research and Development Fund, 2018-2020. The purpose of the project is to:

  1. Create historically based knowledge through analysis of historical time series and identification of key factors for regional growth.
  2. Create further insights about the regional implications of automation, re-industrialization and increased integration between manufacturing and manufacturing-related services.


More information: Martin Henning

Page Manager: Martin Henning|Last update: 1/25/2018

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